Since the nation's earliest days, the U.S. Navy has operated its own shipyards. There were 13 in total, four of which are still active. In addition, eight naval stations - one in the U.S., seven overseas - had some shipbuilding capability. At the end of WWII, the Navy terminated or cancelled almost all new ship construction contracts and only a few new ships were built in the Naval Shipyards thereafter. Then, in 1972, a report was published that demonstrated that ships built in Naval Shipyards cost, on average, about 30% more than ships built by private-sector shipbuilders: as a result, all new ship construction in the Naval Shipyards ceased and five of the nine remaining yards were closed. Finally, the U.S. Coast Guard maintains its own yard in Baltimore MD: a host of boats have been built there over the years but it is now primarily a maintenance facility.
Location State Est. Closed Most Recent Update Disposition
ACTIVE PUBLIC SHIPYARDS (5)
Portsmouth VA 1767 May-11 Maintains ships of the Atlantic Fleet Honolulu HI 1908 May-11 Maintains ships of the Pacific Fleet Kittery ME 1800 May-11 Maintains nuclear submarines Bremerton WA 1901 May-11 Decommissions nuclear-powered submarines Baltimore MD 1899 May-11 Maintains Coast Guard cutters and craft
INACTIVE PUBLIC SHIPYARDS AND BASES (10)
Charlestown MA 1800 1974 May-11 Turned over to the National Parks Service Charleston SC 1901 1996 Dec-11 Turned over to the City of Charleston Vallejo CA 1854 1996 May-11 Turned over to the City of Vallejo Brooklyn NY 1800 1966 May-11 Turned over to the City of New York Philadelphia PA 1801 1996 May-11 Turned over to the City of Philadelphia Long Beach CA 1943 1997 May-11 Turned over to the City and Port of Long Beach New Orleans LA 1901 2011 Converted into a "federal city" Pensacola FL 1825 1911 Converted into a naval air station Hunters Point CA 1941 1969 Turned over to the City of San Francisco Washington DC 1799 1883 Retained by the Navy and used for a variety of shore establishments
OVERSEAS SHIPYARDS AND BASES (7)
Cavite RP 1899 1992 May-11 Turned over to the Govt. of the Philippines Culebra PR Turned over to the Govt. of Puerto Rico Apra GU 1944 Active Guantanamo CU 1903 Active Olongapo RP 1899 1992 Turned over to the Govt. of the Philippines Balboa CZ Turned over to the Govt. of Panama Pago Pago AS 1899 1951 Turned over to the Dept. of the Interior