Emergency Shipbuilders


In both world wars, the U.S. Government stimulated the creation of a large number of emergency shipyards.  Some were devoted to naval shipbuilding, others to merchant shipbuilding, while some were primarily repair yards which also built a few ships.  Many of the existing commercial shipbuilders also built some of the simpler types of naval ships.  The civilian agencies involved were the U.S. Shipping Board, in World War I, and the U.S. Maritime Commission, in World War II.  Almost all these emergency yards closed at the end of the war, or soon thereafter, although a few took on a new life and reappeared later under a different name.  The tables in this section cover those emergency yards that built naval or merchant ships, including DEs and LSTs: these types of ship were also, of course, also built by the  shipbuilders covered in the lists of Large Shipbuilders and Naval Shipyards.  The yards that built small ships, boats and barges are covered in the lists of Emergency Boatbuilders, Small Shipbuilders and Boatbuilders and Small Yachtbuilders.  The tables presented here are about as complete as is possible, at least as far as the emergency contracts are concerned, because the construction programs are well documented, as are the fates of the ships that were built.

WORLD WAR II

Shipbuilder

Location

State Coast EC2 VC2 C1 C2 C4 N V T1 T2 DE LST CVE PF APA AKA Most Recent Update

Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards

Baltimore MD A x x                 x         Aug-08

Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard

Hingham MA A                   x x         Aug-11

J. A. Jones Construction

Brunswick GA A x   x                         Oct-10

New England Shipbuilding

S. Portland ME A x                             Oct-10

North Carolina Shipbuilding

Wilmington NC A x     x                     x Oct-10

Southeastern Shipbuilding

Savannah GA A x   x                         Oct-10

St. John's River Shipbuilding

Jacksonville FL A x             x               Oct-10

Walsh-Kaiser Company

Providence RI A x                       x   x Oct-10

Brown Shipbuilding

Houston TX G                   x           Dec-15

Consolidated Steel Corp.

Orange TX G                   x           Jan-12

Delta Shipbuilding

New Orleans LA G x                             Sep-08

J. A. Jones Construction

Panama City FL G x             x               Oct-10

Todd Houston Shipbuilding

Houston TX G x             x               Oct-10

Butler Shipbuilders, Walter

Superior WI I     x     x             x     Jul-09

Cargill Inc.

Savage MN I               x               Jan-10

Chicago Bridge & Iron

Seneca IL I                     x         Dec-14

Froemming Bros.

Milwaukee WI I     x       x           x     Aug-08

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI I     x       x           x     Jun-10

Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron

Evansville IN I                     x         Oct-10

California Shipbuilding

Los Angeles CA P x x                           Oct-10

Consolidated Steel Corp.

Wilmington CA P     x x                 x x   Jan-12

Kaiser Swan Island

Portland OR P                 x             Oct-10

Kaiser Vancouver

Vancouver WA P x       x           x x       Nov-10

Marinship Corporation

Sausalito CA P x               x             Oct-10

Oregon Shipbuilding

Portland OR P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 1 Yard

Richmond CA P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 2 Yard

Richmond CA P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 3 Yard

Richmond CA P         x                     Nov-10

Kaiser Richmond No. 4 Yard

Richmond CA P     x               x   x     Nov-10

Wooden Shipbuilders

                                    Jan-12

Concrete Shipbuilders

                                    Jan-12

 

WORLD WAR I

Shipbuilder

Location

State Most Recent Update
STEEL SHIPBUILDERS

American Int'l. Shipbuilding

Hog Island PA Mar-16

Ames Shipbuilding

Seattle WA Mar-16

Atlantic Corp.

Portsmouth NH Mar-16

Carolina Shipbuilding

Wilmington NC Mar-16

Columbia River Shipbuilding

Portland OR Mar-16

Daniels Company, Oscar

Tampa FL Mar-16

Doullut & Williams

New Orleans LA Mar-16

Downey Shipbuilding

Arlington NY Mar-16

Duthie Shipbuilding, J. F.

Seattle WA Mar-16

Foundation Company

Kearny/Newark NJ Mar-16
New Orleans LA Mar-16
Portland OR Mar-16
Tacoma WA Mar-16

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI Mar-16

Hanlon Dry Dock & SB

Oakland CA Mar-16

Merchant Shipbuilding

Bristol PA Mar-16

Mobile Shipbuilding

Mobile AL Mar-16

National Shipbuilding Co.

Orange TX Mar-16

National Shipbuilding Corp.

Violet LA Mar-16

Newburgh Shipyards

Newburgh NY Mar-16

Northwest Steel Company

Portland OR Mar-16

Pacific Coast Shipbuilding

Bay Point CA Mar-16

Pensacola Shipbuilding

Pensacola FL Mar-16

Providence Engineering

Providence RI Mar-16

Pusey & Jones

Gloucester City NJ Mar-16

Saginaw Shipbuilding

Saginaw MI Mar-16

Seattle North Pacific SB

Seattle WA Mar-16

Skinner & Eddy

Seattle WA Mar-16

Standard Shipbuilding

Shooters Island NY Mar-16

Submarine Boat Company

Newark NJ Mar-16

Supple Bollin Shipbuilding

Portland OR Mar-16

Terry Shipbuilding

Savannah GA Mar-16

Texas Steamship

Bath ME May-16

Union Construction Co

Oakland CA Mar-16

Union Shipbuilding Co.

Baltimore MD Mar-16

Virginia Shipbuilding

Alexandria VA Mar-16
WOODEN SHIPBUILDERS

Grant-Smith-Porter

Portland OR Mar-16
Aberdeen WA Mar-16

Grays Harbor Motor Ship

Aberdeen WA Mar-16

International Shipbuilding

Orange TX Mar-16

Shattuck Shipyard

Portsmouth NH Mar-16

Standifer Construction

Portland OR Mar-16
Vancouver WA Mar-16
Other Wooden Shipbuilders     In work